Dementia is a chronic disorder of the brain processes which results in memory, language, emotions and behavioral problems. There are several different types of dementia’s. Alzheimer’s disease is just one of them and the most common one which accounts for 60- 80% of the cases.
If you notice any of these signs of Alzheimer’s in your loved one or someone you know, it’s important to consult the doctor to get further evaluation done. By seeking medical help early, chances of remaining independent for longer may improve.
1. Memory loss
The most common sign related to the disease includes forgetting recent events. Increasing dependence on electronic devices or family members may happen. Memory loss happens gradually as the disease progresses. It could range from forgetting car keys to forgetting one’s own name.
The way in which Alzheimer’s related memory loss is different from memory loss due to age progression is that recent event which a person may forget, can be remembered later on.
2. Unable to complete work or home tasks
Individuals may find themselves unable to complete tasks that once were quite easy to accomplish. They may be unable to provide basic care needs for themselves.
3. Small tasks become challenge
Individuals with Alzheimer’s may have difficulty following a recipe, driving or following a plan. Tasks which once were simple to do, will now seem like a challenge.
Confusion about time and place is a common symptom with the disease. Individuals may have difficulty understanding who they are, where they live or where their home is.
5. Unable to find right words
Individuals suffering from the disease may not be able to call things with their right name. They may call people and things with the wrong name. This problem may not just happen during speaking, it may even be present while writing. Proper speaking and writing abilities decrease as the disease enters in later stages.
6. Mood or personality changes
Individuals with the diseases may have mood changes quite frequently. They can become confused, anxious or depressed.
7. Poor judgement
Alzheimer’s can effect the decision making process of a person. Managing financial matters can become difficult.
8. Misplacing things
Not remembering things around the house or elsewhere is a common symptom in individuals suffering from the disease. They are not able to retrace those steps unlike normal aging in which people are able to recall at a later time.
9. Withdrawal from activities
Individuals start avoiding social interaction due to memory loss and reduction in communication skills. Depression and anxiety further deepens their isolation. They may lose interest in activities or sports they once loved.
10. Difficulty understanding visual images
Individuals with Alzheimer’s may experience vision related problems. They may have difficulty in judging distances or determining colors.